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Overview

Professor Ferdinand Porsche (1875-1951) had already presented his plans for a cheap car for the general public in 1922, but no one showed the least bit of interest, not even his boss at the time Austro-Daimler.  When the Austrian started discussing his cheap dream car again at Mercedes, this meant the end of their cooperation.  Porsche started his own company and was over the moon when his friend Adolf Hitler commissioned him to manufacture a car for the general public - the Kraft durch Freude car - in 1934.  Hitler did not make it easy for him.  The car's fuel consumption had to be lower than 6 or 7 litres per 100 km and was not allowed to cost more than RM 900.  Moreover, it was to have a top speed of at least 62 mph (100kph).  A savings scheme was developed, whereby each German saved at least RM 5 per week for the new car.  Actually, the design was already finished.

In 1931, Porsche had already made the drawings for a model of this type.  Zundapp had even already built three prototypes back then.  NSU was also interested in the design, but when this company was taken over by Fiat this meant the end for the NSU-Volkswagen.  Hitler's offer came right on time.

On October 12 1936, Porsche presented three running prototypes.  Each car drove 50,000 km in seventy days.  When this distance was achieved without any substantial repairs, Hitler was satisfied.  Hitler then personally sought out a suitable location for the factory.

Because the only two available factories, owned by Ford and Opel, were not purely German, Hitler ordered his Arbeitsfront to construct a new factory in Wolfsburg.  Some 800,000 cars per year were to be built at the gigantic factory.  On 26 May 1938, Hitler laid the first stone for the new factory and in 1940 the first car rolled off the assembly line.

But it was not a Kraft durch Freude car (the official name) but an army vehicle designed by Porsche.  Only a few passenger cars were manufactured at the plant for the party's leaders.  In any case, the German had lost their savings. 

The complete encyclopedia of Vintage Cars - Rob de la Rive Box

Models produced by Volkswagen

1200 Beetle

1200 Beetle

1967-1978

1300 Beetle

1300 Beetle

1965-1975

1500

1500

1961-1965

1500 Beetle

1500 Beetle

1966-1970

1500 Variant

1500 Variant

1961-1965

1500S

1500S

1963-1965

1600

1600

1967-1973

181 'The Thing'

181 'The Thing'

1969-1978

411

411

1968-1972

411

1968-1972

412

412

1972-1974

Beetle 1302

Beetle 1302

1970-1975

Beetle 1303

Beetle 1303

1970-1975

Beetle 1303S

Beetle 1303S

1970-1975

Beetle Convertible

Beetle Convertible

2004-2004

Beetle Coupe

2004-2004

Bora

Bora

2004-2004

Classic

1981-1992

Corrado

Corrado

1989-1996

Derby

Derby

1977-1981

Golf

Golf

1974-1983

Golf Cabriolet

Golf Cabriolet

1980-1993

Golf Estate

2004-2004

Golf GTI

Golf GTI

1975-1983

Golf GTI

Golf GTI

1984-1991

Golf GTI 16V

Golf GTI 16V

1986-1991

Golf II

Golf II

1984-1991

Golf Mk 4

Golf Mk 4

1997-2006

Golf Syncro

Golf Syncro

1988-1991

Jetta

1981-1984

Jetta

Jetta

1984-1992

Jetta 16V

Jetta 16V

1987-1991

K70

K70

1970-1975

Karmann Cabriolet

Karmann Cabriolet

1949-1980

KombI

KombI

1949-1974

Lupo

2004-2004

Passat

Passat

1973-1980

Passat

Passat

1981-1988

Passat

1988-1997

Passat Estate

Passat Estate

2004-2004

Phaeton

2004-2004

Polo

Polo

1975-1981

Polo

Polo

1981-1994

Polo 3 Door

2004-2004

Polo 5 Door

Polo 5 Door

2004-2004

Polo GT

Polo GT

1979-1981

Puma GTE

Puma GTE

1969-1976

Santana

Santana

1983-1985

Scirocco

Scirocco

1974-1981

Scirocco

Scirocco

1982-1992

Sharan

Sharan

2004-2004

SP2

SP2

1972-1976

Touareg

Touareg

2004-2004

Touran

2004-2004

Vento

Vento

1992-0