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Overview

Volvo, currently the largest industrial corporation in Scandinavia was founded in 1924 by Assar Gabrielson and Gustaf Larson.  The two friends decided to manufacture cars.  The designs for a first prototype were finished in 1925.

The bodywork was designed by the artist Helmer Mas-Olle.  When the well-known ball-bearing company SKF expressed its interest in financially supporting the project, the Volvo (I roll') company was founded.  The first car left the factory on 14 April 1927.

This model the OV 4 or Jakob was to be manufactured until 1929.  Initially 205 convertibles were sold, but because in this version the car was not really suitable for the harsh Swedish climate it was decided to manufacture a closed version the PV.  791 were produced.  To be able to realise this number, 200 convertible bodies were destroyed and replaced by a closed body.  The first cars of this type were powered by a four-cylinder engine, but as early as 1929 a six-cylinder engine was presented, which was particularly favoured by taxi drivers.  The PV 653 weighed approximately 1500 kg (3300lb).  Because the 3.0 litre engine delivered well over 55 bhp, the car still had a top speed and cruising speed of 69 mph (110 kph).  The model, and its successor the PV 658, looked like sized-down American cars.  When Chrysler presented the Air-flow, Volvo launched a similar model in 1935, the Carioca.  In total 501 were sold.

Incidentally, the Carioca was the first Volvo with an entirely steel body.  3,005 were sold of its successor the PV51 between 1936 and 1938.  In 1938, the PV 801 was launched.  This model was to be manufactured until 1947, primarily as a taxi.  The car seated eight.

The 3670cc, six cylinder engine delivered enough bhp to give the car a top speed of 81 mph (130 kph).  The last pre-war model with a six-cylinder engine was the PV 60.  The car was manufactured between 1942 and 1950.  The PV 60 was also the spitting image of a pre-war American car.  In 1950, the model was very outdated.

The complete encyclopedia of Vintage Cars - Rob de la Rive Box

Models produced by Volvo

120

120

1956-1970

121

121

1956-1967

122-B18

122-B18

1961-1967

122S

122S

1958-1961

123GT

123GT

1966-1970

131

131

1961-1970

132S

1966-1970

133

133

1969-1970

142/142S

142/142S

1967-1974

144

144

1966-1974

144 Deluxe

144 Deluxe

1972-0

144S

144S

1966-1974

145/145S

145/145S

1967-1974

164

164

1968-1975

221

221

1962-1969

222

1967-1969

240 Estate

240 Estate

1978-1993

240 Saloon

240 Saloon

1978-1992

245 Estate

245 Estate

1974-0

262C Coupe

262C Coupe

1977-1981

264 Saloon

264 Saloon

1974-1982

265 Estate

265 Estate

1975-1985

340/360

340/360

1976-1991

343/345/360

343/345/360

1976-1991

440

440

1989-0

460

460

1987-1997

480

480

1987-0

544

0-0

66 Saloon/Estate

66 Saloon/Estate

1975-1980

700

700

1984-1991

740/760

1982-1990

780 Bertone

780 Bertone

1986-1990

850

1991-0

940/960

940/960

1990-0

Amazon

Amazon

1956-1970

C202

C202

1977-0

Laplander

Laplander

1963-0

P1800

P1800

1960-1963

P1800E

P1800E

1969-1972

P1800ES

P1800ES

1971-1973

P1800S

P1800S

1963-1969

P1900

P1900

1956-1957

PV 60

1946-1950

PV 800 Series

PV 800 Series

1938-1958

PV444

PV444

1947-1958

PV544

PV544

1958-1965

S40

2004-2004

S60

S60

2004-2004

S80

S80

2004-2004

V40

V40

2004-2004

V70

V70

2004-2004

XC90

XC90

2004-2004